HttpRequest class

A client-side XHR request for getting data from a URL, formally known as XMLHttpRequest.

HttpRequest can be used to obtain data from HTTP and FTP protocols, and is useful for AJAX-style page updates.

The simplest way to get the contents of a text file, such as a JSON-formatted file, is with getString. For example, the following code gets the contents of a JSON file and prints its length:

var path = 'myData.json';
HttpRequest.getString(path).then((String fileContents) {
  print(fileContents.length);
}).catchError((error) {
  print(error.toString());
});

Fetching data from other servers

For security reasons, browsers impose restrictions on requests made by embedded apps. With the default behavior of this class, the code making the request must be served from the same origin (domain name, port, and application layer protocol) as the requested resource. In the example above, the myData.json file must be co-located with the app that uses it. You might be able to get around this restriction by using CORS headers or JSONP.

Other resources

Inheritance
Annotations
  • @Native("XMLHttpRequest")

Constructors

HttpRequest()
General constructor for any type of request (GET, POST, etc). [...]
factory

Properties

hashCode int
The hash code for this object. [...]
read-only, inherited
on Events
This is an ease-of-use accessor for event streams which should only be used when an explicit accessor is not available.
read-only, inherited
onAbort Stream<ProgressEvent>
Stream of abort events handled by this HttpRequestEventTarget.
read-only, inherited
onError Stream<ProgressEvent>
Stream of error events handled by this HttpRequestEventTarget.
read-only, inherited
onLoad Stream<ProgressEvent>
Stream of load events handled by this HttpRequestEventTarget.
read-only, inherited
onLoadEnd Stream<ProgressEvent>
Stream of loadend events handled by this HttpRequestEventTarget.
@SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.CHROME), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.FIREFOX), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.IE, '10'), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.SAFARI), read-only, inherited
onLoadStart Stream<ProgressEvent>
Stream of loadstart events handled by this HttpRequestEventTarget.
read-only, inherited
onProgress Stream<ProgressEvent>
Stream of progress events handled by this HttpRequestEventTarget.
@SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.CHROME), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.FIREFOX), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.IE, '10'), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.SAFARI), read-only, inherited
onReadyStateChange Stream<Event>
Event listeners to be notified every time the HttpRequest object's readyState changes values.
read-only
onTimeout Stream<ProgressEvent>
Stream of timeout events handled by this HttpRequestEventTarget.
read-only, inherited
readyState int
Indicator of the current state of the request: [...]
read-only
response → dynamic
The data received as a reponse from the request. [...]
@SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.CHROME), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.FIREFOX), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.IE, '10'), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.SAFARI), read-only
responseHeaders Map<String, String>
Returns all response headers as a key-value map. [...]
read-only
responseText String
The response in String form or empty String on failure.
read-only
responseType String
String telling the server the desired response format. [...]
read / write
responseUrl String
@JSName('responseURL'), read-only
responseXml Document
The request response, or null on failure. [...]
@JSName('responseXML'), read-only
runtimeType Type
A representation of the runtime type of the object.
read-only, inherited
status int
The HTTP result code from the request (200, 404, etc). See also: HTTP Status Codes
read-only
statusText String
The request response string (such as "OK"). See also: HTTP Status Codes
read-only
timeout int
Length of time in milliseconds before a request is automatically terminated. [...]
read / write
upload HttpRequestUpload
EventTarget that can hold listeners to track the progress of the request. The events fired will be members of HttpRequestUploadEvents.
@Unstable(), read-only
withCredentials bool
True if cross-site requests should use credentials such as cookies or authorization headers; false otherwise. [...]
read / write

Methods

abort() → void
Stop the current request. [...]
addEventListener(String type, EventListener listener, [bool useCapture]) → void
inherited
dispatchEvent(Event event) bool
inherited
getAllResponseHeaders() String
Retrieve all the response headers from a request. [...]
@Unstable()
getResponseHeader(String name) String
Return the response header named header, or null if not found. [...]
@Unstable()
noSuchMethod(Invocation invocation) → dynamic
Invoked when a non-existent method or property is accessed. [...]
inherited
open(String method, String url, {bool async, String user, String password}) → void
Specify the desired url, and method to use in making the request. [...]
overrideMimeType(String mime) → void
Specify a particular MIME type (such as text/xml) desired for the response. [...]
@SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.CHROME), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.FIREFOX), @SupportedBrowser(SupportedBrowser.SAFARI)
removeEventListener(String type, EventListener listener, [bool useCapture]) → void
inherited
send([dynamic body_OR_data]) → void
Send the request with any given data. [...]
setRequestHeader(String name, String value) → void
Sets the value of an HTTP request header. [...]
toString() String
Returns a string representation of this object.
inherited

Operators

operator ==(Object other) bool
The equality operator. [...]
inherited

Static Properties

supportsCrossOrigin bool
Checks to see if the current platform supports making cross origin requests. [...]
read-only
supportsLoadEndEvent bool
Checks to see if the LoadEnd event is supported on the current platform.
read-only
supportsOverrideMimeType bool
Checks to see if the overrideMimeType method is supported on the current platform.
read-only
supportsProgressEvent bool
Checks to see if the Progress event is supported on the current platform.
read-only

Static Methods

getString(String url, {bool withCredentials, void onProgress(ProgressEvent e)}) Future<String>
Creates a GET request for the specified url. [...]
postFormData(String url, Map<String, String> data, {bool withCredentials, String responseType, Map<String, String> requestHeaders, void onProgress(ProgressEvent e)}) Future<HttpRequest>
Makes a server POST request with the specified data encoded as form data. [...]
request(String url, {String method, bool withCredentials, String responseType, String mimeType, Map<String, String> requestHeaders, dynamic sendData, void onProgress(ProgressEvent e)}) Future<HttpRequest>
Creates and sends a URL request for the specified url. [...]
requestCrossOrigin(String url, {String method, String sendData}) Future<String>
Makes a cross-origin request to the specified URL. [...]

Constants

DONE → const int
4
HEADERS_RECEIVED → const int
2
LOADING → const int
3
OPENED → const int
1
readyStateChangeEvent → const EventStreamProvider<Event>
Static factory designed to expose readystatechange events to event handlers that are not necessarily instances of HttpRequest. [...]
const EventStreamProvider<Event>('readystatechange')
UNSENT → const int
0