Process class Null safety

The means to execute a program.

Use the static start and run methods to start a new process. The run method executes the process non-interactively to completion. In contrast, the start method allows your code to interact with the running process.

Start a process with the run method

The following code sample uses the run method to create a process that runs the UNIX command ls, which lists the contents of a directory. The run method completes with a ProcessResult object when the process terminates. This provides access to the output and exit code from the process. The run method does not return a Process object; this prevents your code from interacting with the running process.

import 'dart:io';

main() async {
  // List all files in the current directory in UNIX-like systems.
  var result = await Process.run('ls', ['-l']);
  print(result.stdout);
}

Start a process with the start method

The following example uses start to create the process. The start method returns a Future for a Process object. When the future completes the process is started and your code can interact with the process: writing to stdin, listening to stdout, and so on.

The following sample starts the UNIX cat utility, which when given no command-line arguments, echos its input. The program writes to the process's standard input stream and prints data from its standard output stream.

import 'dart:io';
import 'dart:convert';

main() async {
  var process = await Process.start('cat', []);
  process.stdout
      .transform(utf8.decoder)
      .forEach(print);
  process.stdin.writeln('Hello, world!');
  process.stdin.writeln('Hello, galaxy!');
  process.stdin.writeln('Hello, universe!');
}

Standard I/O streams

As seen in the previous code sample, you can interact with the Process's standard output stream through the getter stdout, and you can interact with the Process's standard input stream through the getter stdin. In addition, Process provides a getter stderr for using the Process's standard error stream.

A Process's streams are distinct from the top-level streams for the current program.

Exit codes

Call the exitCode method to get the exit code of the process. The exit code indicates whether the program terminated successfully (usually indicated with an exit code of 0) or with an error.

If the start method is used, the exitCode is available through a future on the Process object (as shown in the example below). If the run method is used, the exitCode is available through a getter on the ProcessResult instance.

import 'dart:io';

main() async {
  var process = Process.start('ls', ['-l']);
  var exitCode = await process.exitCode;
  print('exit code: $exitCode');
}
Implementers

Constructors

Process()

Properties

exitCode Future<int>
A Future which completes with the exit code of the process when the process completes. [...]
read-only
hashCode int
The hash code for this object. [...]
read-only, inherited
pid int
The process id of the process.
read-only
runtimeType Type
A representation of the runtime type of the object.
read-only, inherited
stderr Stream<List<int>>
The standard error stream of the process as a Stream.
read-only
stdin IOSink
The standard input stream of the process as an IOSink.
read-only
stdout Stream<List<int>>
The standard output stream of the process as a Stream.
read-only

Methods

kill([ProcessSignal signal = ProcessSignal.sigterm]) bool
Kills the process. [...]
noSuchMethod(Invocation invocation) → dynamic
Invoked when a non-existent method or property is accessed. [...]
inherited
toString() String
A string representation of this object. [...]
inherited

Operators

operator ==(Object other) bool
The equality operator. [...]
inherited

Static Methods

killPid(int pid, [ProcessSignal signal = ProcessSignal.sigterm]) bool
Kills the process with id pid. [...]
run(String executable, List<String> arguments, {String? workingDirectory, Map<String, String>? environment, bool includeParentEnvironment = true, bool runInShell = false, Encoding? stdoutEncoding = systemEncoding, Encoding? stderrEncoding = systemEncoding}) Future<ProcessResult>
Starts a process and runs it non-interactively to completion. The process run is executable with the specified arguments. [...]
runSync(String executable, List<String> arguments, {String? workingDirectory, Map<String, String>? environment, bool includeParentEnvironment = true, bool runInShell = false, Encoding? stdoutEncoding = systemEncoding, Encoding? stderrEncoding = systemEncoding}) ProcessResult
Starts a process and runs it to completion. This is a synchronous call and will block until the child process terminates. [...]
start(String executable, List<String> arguments, {String? workingDirectory, Map<String, String>? environment, bool includeParentEnvironment = true, bool runInShell = false, ProcessStartMode mode = ProcessStartMode.normal}) Future<Process>
Starts a process running the executable with the specified arguments. [...]