testWidgets function

  1. @isTest
void testWidgets (String description, WidgetTesterCallback callback, { bool skip: false, Timeout timeout, Duration initialTimeout, bool semanticsEnabled: false })

Runs the callback inside the Flutter test environment.

Use this function for testing custom StatelessWidgets and StatefulWidgets.

The callback can be asynchronous (using async/await or using explicit Futures).

There are two kinds of timeouts that can be specified. The timeout argument specifies the backstop timeout implemented by the test package. If set, it should be relatively large (minutes). It defaults to ten minutes for tests run by flutter test, and is unlimited for tests run by flutter run; specifically, it defaults to TestWidgetsFlutterBinding.defaultTestTimeout.

The initialTimeout argument specifies the timeout implemented by the flutter_test package itself. If set, it may be relatively small (seconds), as it is automatically increased for some expensive operations, and can also be manually increased by calling AutomatedTestWidgetsFlutterBinding.addTime. The effective maximum value of this timeout (even after calling addTime) is the one specified by the timeout argument.

In general, timeouts are race conditions and cause flakes, so best practice is to avoid the use of timeouts in tests.

If the enableSemantics parameter is set to true, WidgetTester.ensureSemantics will have been called before the tester is passed to the callback, and that handle will automatically be disposed after the callback is finished.

This function uses the test function in the test package to register the given callback as a test. The callback, when run, will be given a new instance of WidgetTester. The find object provides convenient widget Finders for use with the WidgetTester.

See also:

Sample code

testWidgets('MyWidget', (WidgetTester tester) async {
  await tester.pumpWidget(new MyWidget());
  await tester.tap(find.text('Save'));
  expect(find.text('Success'), findsOneWidget);
});

Implementation

@isTest
void testWidgets(
  String description,
  WidgetTesterCallback callback, {
  bool skip = false,
  test_package.Timeout timeout,
  Duration initialTimeout,
  bool semanticsEnabled = false,
}) {
  final TestWidgetsFlutterBinding binding = TestWidgetsFlutterBinding.ensureInitialized();
  final WidgetTester tester = WidgetTester._(binding);
  test(
    description,
    () {
      SemanticsHandle semanticsHandle;
      if (semanticsEnabled == true) {
        semanticsHandle = tester.ensureSemantics();
      }
      tester._recordNumberOfSemanticsHandles();
      test_package.addTearDown(binding.postTest);
      return binding.runTest(
        () async {
          await callback(tester);
          semanticsHandle?.dispose();
        },
        tester._endOfTestVerifications,
        description: description ?? '',
        timeout: initialTimeout,
      );
    },
    skip: skip,
    timeout: timeout ?? binding.defaultTestTimeout,
  );
}